Before she spent eight years chanting with Frank Barnett, before she took the stage with Brenda McMorrow at Bhakti Fest, and long before she sang back-up harmonies for Jai Uttal, Beth Gatchall sang ‘Dance of the Sleepyheads’ with her grandmother waking up early summer mornings in Chillicothe, Ohio.
“I was always singing with my grandma, singing songs, and learning songs.”
Even kirtan singers start small.
“My grandma was a schoolteacher, she always had a piano in her classroom, and sang songs with the kids,” said Ms. Gathchall. “All the cousins in the family know the sleepyhead song. Whenever we sing the tagline to each other we just crack up.”
Growing up in Chillicothe, a small town on the Scioto River in southern Ohio, the home of Bob’s Banjo Barn, Ms. Gatchall began taking piano lessons from both her grandmother and a family friend at the age of six.
“I really took to it. I could read music, and I practiced as much as I could.”
At ten she decided to branch out and learn how to play drums.
“But, I didn’t think my parents would go for the drums, so I went for the trumpet, instead, although I think it might have been equally boisterous.”
Her parents were between a rock and a hard place.
The sound level of drum kits is usually around 110 decibels, although rim shots can peak at 135. Trumpets typically generate levels in excess of 110 decibels. Many power saws are rated at the level of 100 – 120 decibels.
While in middle school, and jumping castle throughout high school, she played in bands, sometimes two and three at the same time. When she left Chillicothe to attend Baldwin Wallace College, where she earned a BS in Biology, she took her trumpet with her.
“I was in love with it. I used to play every day.”
In her senior year she grew interested in the guitar. “I was just enchanted by the sound of Peter, Paul, and Mary, their guitars and their harmonies.” She took a class, and after graduation studied with a local teacher, Bruce Walker, for seven years.
When she later teamed with Kasimira Vogel in 2009 to form Pale Daisies, an acoustic guitar and rhythm instruments duo, she credited Mr. Walker as one of her influences, along with the Carter Family and Blue Sky Boys.
“But, where I really learned to play was when I went to work at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.”
The museum’s loosely-knit basement band was well into its more than 20-year tradition of playing roots folk music during their lunch hour when Beth Gatchall started watching and listening to them.
“They would tip their guitars away so I could watch their hands, and if I didn’t get the chords they would show them to me, always encouraging me,” she said.
“They were so kind.”
At the same time that Beth Gatchall was learning to fingerpick the guitar she was beginning to dip her toe into yoga. It was while she was teaching aerobics at the YMCA in Lakewood, the first-ring western suburb of Cleveland she had re-located to, that she took a yoga class, which led her to Bhumi’s Yoga and Wellness.
Harriet Bhumi Russell, a former Director of Yoga Teacher Training at the Kripalu Center who has studied with Amrit Desai and BKS Iyengar, opened the first public yoga center in metropolitan Cleveland in 1992.
After several years of taking classes, as well as practicing with Tom Carney, a Lakewood-based Ashtanga Yoga teacher, in 2003 Ms. Gatchall put on her game face.
“I decided I would do teacher training, so I did that,” she said.
Teacher training typically focuses on yoga exercise, the names of postures, principles of anatomy, an introduction to the subtle body, as well as some history and philosophy. Ms. Gatchall’s training was more wide-ranging, even involving kirtan.
Kirtan is a sing-along is which the performer, or leader, sings a mantra, and the audience sings it back. Kirtan is chanting, although chanting is not necessarily kirtan. Call-and-response chants can last 30 and 40 minutes. It’s a way to immerse oneself in sound, or in a meditation of vibration.
“It definitely didn’t resonate with me at first. My reaction was, this is bizarre. But, that’s how I met Frank.”
Frank Barnett, a Cleveland native and fellow yoga teacher trainee, was already immersing himself in Bhakti Yoga and kirtan.
“Frank was doing some kirtans with Bhumi at a Presbyterian church. I went there, but I didn’t have the greatest experience. Frank and I started talking about it and he really listened to me. When that kirtan at the church dried up he took it to his house and we started to do a lot of chanting together.”
They hosted a monthly kitchen party kirtan and for several years a Sunday night sit-in-a-circle-on-the-floor kirtan at Inner Bliss, one of Cleveland’s most popular yoga studios, with Frank on harmonium and Beth on guitar.
“Singing together with Frank is what put the practice in my heart,” said Ms. Gatchall. “It was a powerful experience. He shared so much unconditional love with me through that practice. We got to be great friends.”
Frank Barnett committed suicide in 2011.
“There were growing indications that something wasn’t right, but I didn’t see the bigger picture,” said David Barnett, Frank’s brother and a reporter for National Public Radio. “He became increasingly irritable as his search for a job dragged on, after having been laid off three years before.”
Someone dies by his or her own hand in the United States about every 15 minutes. Most Americans believe adults have a moral right to suicide, according to the Pew Research Center. The Bhagavad Gita, a central yoga text, says that the self is eternal and cannot die. You can kill the body, but you can’t kill the self.
“We had been working on the Hanuman Chalisa,” said Ms. Gatchall. “I said the verses through a million tears every night when Frank passed. After a year of playing it continuously in my car I learned it.”
The Hanuman Chalisa is a 40-verse 16th century devotional hymn. Hanuman is a monkey-like being, sometimes described as an incarnation of Shiva, the God known as the Destroyer, and the hymn invokes his strength and wisdom.
“Then I learned Mere Gurudev. It’s a beautiful melody, and haunting. I sang that when we distributed Frank’s ashes.”
Frank Barnett’s ashes were scattered in the Rocky Mountains by a handful of his friends. “This mind of mine, this body of mine, my every atom is dedicated to you,” sang Ms. Gatchall. For the next three years she kept up Mr. Barnett’s work with the Cleveland Kirtan Community.
“I just continued the practice.”
In 2012 she expanded her horizons by going to Bhakti Fest with her friend Craig Wise, known as Narada Wise, a percussionist and singer-songwriter.
Bhakti Fest Midwest, in Madison, Wisconsin, is a 4 – 5 day festival of lectures, workshops, and practice. The kirtan ranges from the popular, like the Wild Lotus Band, to the local, like Amy and the Tribal Bliss Band.
Bhakti Fest West, a larger gathering, is a six-day festival in the desert of Joshua Tree, California. Both fests are centered on the devotional paths of yoga, meditation, personal growth, and especially kirtan. The soundtrack never stops.
“They’re huge festivals, beautiful, and just jubilant,” said Ms. Gatchall.
“Kirtan is a practice of singing from your heart. When you chant from your heart it’s the same as my heart, like we’re all in this together. It’s a community experience. I got that from Frank, from my friendship with him. It’s all about giving and receiving the chant, back and forth.”
Her first year at Bhakti Fest Ms. Gatchall worked as a volunteer backstage. The next year she was on stage with Brenda McMorrow.
Ms. McMorrow is a well-known Canadian musician with roots in both folk and jazz. She has described her first encounter with kirtan as not knowing what it was about, only knowing that “every cell in my body bouncy castle started vibrating.” She needed an extra harmony vocalist for her next day’s set at Bhakti Fest.
“Oh, Beth can sing harmony,” said Narada Wise.
“So, within an hour I was at Brenda’s campsite and she was teaching me the music,” said Ms. Gatchall. “The next day I was on stage singing with her. It was so fun, so fun.”
Kirtans are usually sung in their native language, which is Sanskrit. “It’s a vibrational language. There’s something powerful about the vibrations of the mantras. When you intend them sincerely from your heart space, they’re potent.”
Kirtan is the participatory chanting of simple melodies. The imaginary fourth wall between performer and audience is not just blurred, but it and the other three walls of the stage are imagined away, so that performer and audience are all on the same stage.
“It’s not about having a great voice or knowing anything about Hanuman,” said Ms. Gatchall.
Krishna Das, the best-known kirtan singer of his time, has said knowing the meaning of the lyrics isn’t the first or even the last step. “It’s about doing it and experiencing. Nothing to join, you just sit down and sing.”
Ms. Gatchall recently appeared at the Cleveland State University Student Ballroom with Jai Uttal. She is the singer and guitarist in her own Vandanam Kirtan Band, accompanied by Eric Vogt on drums and George Shumway on upright bass. She performs at kirtan chant events throughout northern Ohio from the Zen Temple to Yoga Rocks the Park.
“The feeling of kirtan is a warmth in my heart that spreads through my body,” she said. “It’s a sense of vibration, of joy, in me.
“Something ignites in your body. It’s the yoga of the heart.”
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